Sapsford Consultancy Services
5071 Spring Rock Terrace
Roswell, Georgia
(770) 998-7555


Louis Albert Necker:
Impossible Objects & Crystallography, a Paradox?


Phrenology, which focuses on personality and character, is to be distinguished from the craniometrists, which is the study of skull size, weight and shape, and physiognomy, the study of facial features. However, these fields have all claimed the ability to predict traits or intelligence. They were once intensively practiced in anthropology/ethnology and sometimes utilized to "scientifically" justify racism. While some principles of phrenology are well-established today, the basic premise that personality is determined by skull shape is almost universally considered to be false.


“The truth is that text is not just a bag of words… small words are indicators of style, of how we're framing issues – they're very important. This was a complete revelation to me as a computer scientist. Realizing that these simple, small words hold so much meaning was fascinating…”

Web Seer compares Google's "auto-suggest" feature in one-to-one, weighted comparisons such as "why doesn't he…" and "why doesn't she…" The resultant text image uses the size of arrows and words to reflect frequency, demonstrating how text can impart meaning.


Word Tree, a visualization technique that lets users pick a word or phrase from a data set, shows the different contexts in which it appears via a tree-like branching structure. Chimera takes care of the "boilerplate problem" by examining large collections of text, such as contracts, and pointing out identical phrases. Seeing results arranged in faux 3D "skyscrapers" clearly illustrates levels of recurrence. Although Word Tree and Chimera are fundamentally repetition searches, they are important tools for semantic analysis: simple, but revealing.

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